Grace genetics can be described as the greek word meaning “hemp” and is from where the term “canvas” originates, due to the plant’s fibrousness. A genus comprising only one species of tall coarse annual which is commonly found in wet soils, particularly as an invasive weed in nitrogen-rich soils near human-made habitations.
In Victorian gardening guides, it is described as a beautiful “dot-plant” to create summer borders. The Scythians who lived in the in the north from the Black Sea 3000 years ago produced intoxicating vapours through throwing cannabis onto hot stones. Cannabis has been cultivated in Asia and in the Middle East for over 4000 years and has been used as a fiber plant as well as as a medicine. The therapeutic uses of cannabis were mentioned by Indian medical texts prior to even the time of the 5th century BC. Nowadays, its use and possession is illegal and subject to rigorous control in the majority of Western nations and Australia in Australia and New Zealand, but legal and accepted in many regions in Asia in within the Middle East, where the dried plant, or resin typically consumed or smoked. The many common names for cannabis refer to particular products: haseesh is resin made from female plants, commonly smoked with water pipes; bhang dried plant mixed with drinks, fruit or candy Charas – resin that is consumed or smoked with spices; ganja dried tops of female plants.
European herbals from the 16th century comprise the plant that John Gerard called “Indian dreamer”. Cannabis was included in the pharmacopoeias for many nations including the USA prior to its prohibition in the year 1930. It contains more than 60 kinds of cannabinoids, including delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is largely responsible for the psychoactive effects. Research has proven that cannabis can be effective in many medical therapies, but the fact that it is illegal has hindered its therapeutic value in the West. Cannabis remains a major component in traditional Chinese treatment.
The cultivation, harvesting as well as processing cannabis plant is restricted by law in several countries. The varieties that have been approved can be grown for their fiber (hemp). cannabis sativa has a strong odor perennial that is variable and has a long taproots, erect palmate leaves and branched stems. Flowers of small, green are seen in the summer months male and female flowers with separate leaves.
Parts employed: Whole plant, the oil flowering tops, seeds and
Properties: Subsp. indica is analgesic, antiemetic and anti-inflammatory properties. It is also hypotensive and a laxative.
Medical uses: Internally for nausea and vomiting that are associated with chemotherapy for cancer, to lower eye pressure in glaucoma. reduce muscle stiffness and tremors of MS, and aid in helping AIDS people to gain weight (subsp. indica). Externally, for sores, corns or varicose ulcers. Seeds (huo ma Ren) are used in traditional Chinese treatment for constipation that is caused by debilitation or deficiency of fluids.
Uses in the culinary industry: The seeds are an ingredient used in the whole food and beers. They are utilized as an ingredient in Japanese dishes, especially in the spice mix Shichimi. Seed oil is utilized for culinary uses. dried herb is used in Moroccan sweets (majoun) and serves for flavoring Ital (rastafarian) cuisine.